What is Atopic Dermatitis?

What is Atopic Dermatitis?

Atopic Dermatitis, also known as atopic eczema or eczema is a skin disorder which is characterized by skin inflammation. Typically, the skin condition starts in infancy and disappears in adolescence period. However, it has been observed that in some patients the skin problem persists in their adulthood. Also, in some patients, atopic dermatitis does not show symptoms or appear until adulthood.

If you live in Powai and are suffering from atopic dermatitis, always consult an experienced medical expert. Dr. Pallavi Sule is one of the most well-known and trusted Dermatologist and Aesthetic Physician in Powai, Mumbai. She is highly qualified as well as experienced and has treated countless patients with skin problems. Book an appointment today and get the best atopic dermatitis treatment in Powai, Mumbai.

What are Symptoms of Atopic Dermatitis?

The most prominent symptom of atopic dermatitis is itching. Other common symptoms are listed below.

  1. Skin redness
  2. Dry patches of skin
  3. Rashes that ooze clear fluid
  4. Rashes that bleed when scratched
  5. Skin thickening
  6. Skin hardening

Atopic dermatitis symptoms can pop up in different parts of the body at the same time. Moreover, it can appear in new areas of the body. The appearance and body area affected will vary depending on the age of the patient.

Infants – In infants, a red rash may appear on the face, scalp and the area around which joints touch when they bend.

Children – In children between 2 years and puberty, a thick red rash may be found on the neck, ankles, elbows and knees.

Teens & Adults – Red or brownish rash appear on the neck, elbows, knees, hands, ankles, feet and around the eyes in teen and adults.

What are the main causes of atopic dermatitis?

The exact causes of atopic dermatitis are yet unknown among the medical community. However, medical experts are of the opinion that an over-reactive immune system causes a misdirected immune reaction. It leads to inflammation of the skin and this, in turn, causes symptoms discussed in the previous section.

Genetic changes also affect the function of proteins in the body that maintains the skin barrier. Patients with atopic dermatitis thus experience changes in skin barrier which makes water loss easy and entry of irritants possible. This can further lead to infections and causes itchy and red rashes. Patients with hereditary skin conditions in the family are more at risk.

Some of the common triggers are listed below.

  • Stress
  • Heat
  • Sweat
  • Cold weather
  • Dry weather
  • Long showers
  • Hot showers
  • Scratching
  • Soaps, detergents and cleaners
  • Wool
  • Allergens
  • Excessive exercise

It is important to note that atopic dermatitis is not contagious and one cannot pass it on to others.

What is Atopic Dermatitis on Face?

Atopic Dermatitis on the face is the condition in which the skin on the face becomes dry, itchy and flaky. The skin condition makes the skin’s natural barrier of no use. This, in turn, makes the skin sensitive and reactive to irritants present in the surroundings.

The term “atopic” is associated with allergies. However, atopic dermatitis is not always caused due to allergic reactions. Medical experts opine that patients with atopic dermatitis sometimes may have food allergies, fever and asthma. Also, they are at risk of other inflammation-related conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease, rheumatoid arthritis and even hair loss.

Atopic Dermatitis Treatment

The treatment approach will vary depending on the severity of the condition. Skin moisturisers or lotions are recommended. Anti-inflammatory medications and light therapy are possible solutions to control the symptoms. It is highly recommended to always seek the advice of a professional for skin treatment.

Best Dermatology Clinic in Powai, Mumbai

Dr. Pallavi Sule is one of the most well-known and trusted Dermatologist and Aesthetic Physician in Powai, Mumbai. She has treated countless patients with skin problems and disorders in the past many years. The best-in-class facilities and care promise to provide the best skin care treatment experience to everyone.

To know more details, contact us at any time or visit Dr. Pallavi Sule Clinic, the best skin clinic in Powai, Mumbai.

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